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Do you have a bladder control problem? Try this self-assessment questionnaire.

Self-assessment questionnaire

Do you:

  • Leak or wet yourself when you cough, laugh or sneeze?
  • Leak or wet yourself when you lift something heavy?
  • Leak or wet yourself when you play sport?
  • Sometimes wear pads to absorb urine, or ‘just in case’?
  • Often have to rush to use the toilet?
  • Sometimes not make it to the toilet in time?
  • Ever worry you might lose control of your bladder?
  • Wake up more than once during the night to use the toilet?
  • Plan your day around the nearest toilet?
  • Sometimes feel your bladder is not quite empty?
  • Leak or wet yourself when you stand up?
  • Leak or wet yourself as you get out of bed?
  • Dribble urine after going to the toilet?
  • Have a urine stream that stops and starts?
  • Wet the bed?

If you said YES to any of these questions, you may have a bladder control problem.




  • 咳をする、笑う、またはくしゃみをするときに尿漏れする、または下着を濡らしてしまう。
  • 何か重いものを持ち上げたときに尿漏れする、または下着を濡らしてしまう。
  • スポーツをするときに尿漏れする、または下着を濡らしてしまう。
  • 念のために尿を吸収するパッドを使うことがある。
  • トイレに急いで行く必要がよくある。
  • トイレに間に合わないことがある。
  • 尿意をコントロールできなくなるかもしれないと思ったことがある。
  • 夜中に2回以上トイレに起きる。
  • 最寄りのトイレを中心に1日の計画を立てる。
  • 残尿感をときどき感じる。
  • 立ち上がるときに尿漏れする、または下着を濡らしてしまう。
  • 寝床から起き上がるときに尿漏れする、または下着を濡らしてしまう。
  • トイレに行った後に尿が少し漏れる。
  • 排尿の際、尿の流れが中断する。
  • 夜尿症のことがある。

上記の質問のいずれかに「はい」と答えた方は 、排尿コントロールに問題がある可能性があります。

What is poor bladder control?

People with poor bladder control may:

  • have accidents and leak urine. This is called urinary incontinence.
  • need to hurry to get to the toilet to pass urine.
  • wet themselves before they can get to the toilet.
  • go to the toilet often through the day.
  • are woken up more than once a night by the need to empty their bladder.
  • leak urine when they get up from a bed or chair.
  • leak urine when they lift, laugh, cough or sneeze.
  • wet themselves and be unaware of it.
  • have a stream that stops and starts instead of a smooth flow.
  • wet the bed.



  • おもらしまたは尿漏れする。これは尿失禁と呼ばれます。
  • トイレに急いで行って排尿する必要がある。
  • トイレに着く前に尿を漏らす。
  • 一日に何回もトイレに行く。
  • 排尿するために、夜中に2回以上起きる。
  • ベッドから起き上がるとき、または椅子から立ち上がるときに尿漏れする。
  • 笑ったり、咳をしたり、重いものを持ち上げたときに尿漏れする。
  • 尿を漏らしていても気づかない。
  • 排尿がスムーズに流れるのではなく、中断する。
  • 夜尿症のことがある。

How common is poor bladder control?

In Australia 1 in 3 women, 1 in 10 men and 1 in 5 children have a bladder control problem.

If you have a bladder control problem, you are not alone.

Men and women of all ages can have poor bladder control. Women and older people are the most likely to be affected.





Diagram of the bladder control system

Pelvic Floor Muscle

Pelvic Floor Muscle


Pelvic Floor Muscle

Pelvic Floor Muscle

What causes poor bladder control?

Stress incontinence

Pelvic floor muscles (see diagram) help to hold urine in the bladder. Urine may leak out when you laugh, cough or sneeze if your pelvic floor muscles are weak. Pelvic floor muscles can be weakened by pregnancy and childbirth. You can also leak when you are active. Urine might leak when you exercise, get out of bed or stand up. If these muscles are weak already, getting older or being overweight can make them even weaker. Constipation can mean you need to strain to empty your bowels. This straining can also weaken your pelvic floor muscles.

Overactive bladder and urgency

The bladder is a muscle which may contract to push out urine when we do not want it to. Urgency is when the feeling to go to the toilet is sudden and strong and it is hard to hold on. It can be caused by having an overactive bladder. Urgency is also caused when the bladder is irritated. It can be made worse by drinking caffeine or alcohol. Not drinking enough fluid can lead to having strong, dark urine. This may also make urgency worse. Bladder infections can cause urgency. Having a stroke or a nerve problem such as Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis can also cause urgency.

Underactive bladder

Some people have a bladder muscle that does not contract well. The bladder may not empty out fully. These people have trouble passing urine normally.

Changes to the urethra (urine tube)

Any pressure on the urethra (urine tube) can cause it to narrow. This makes it difficult to get urine out of the bladder. This can happen in men due to an enlarged prostate. A prolapse of the uterus can affect how the bladder empties in women.










Seek help

You are not alone. Poor bladder and bowel control can be cured or better managed with the right treatment. If you do nothing, it might get worse.

Phone expert advisors on the National Continence Helpline for free:

  • advice;
  • resources; and
  • information about local services

1800 33 00 66 *

(8am - 8pm Monday to Friday AEST)

* Calls from mobile telephones are charged at applicable rates.

To arrange for an interpreter through the Telephone Interpreter Service (TIS), phone 13 14 50 Monday to Friday and ask for the National Continence Helpline. Information in other languages is also available from

For more information:


* Calls from mobiles are charged at applicable rates.



National Continence Help Line(全国失禁ヘルプライン)に電話すれば、無料で専門家による以下のアドバイスが受けられます。

  • アドバイス
  • 資料、および
  • 地元のサービスに関する情報

1800 33 00 66 *

(8am - 8pm 月曜~金曜、東部標準時間)

電話通訳サービス(TIS)を通じて通訳を手配するには、月曜日から金曜日の間に13 14 50にお電話し、National Continence Help Lineに電話してもらってください。その他の言語での情報は、から入手できます。



* 携帯電話からの電話には、通常の携帯料金が課されます。


Last Updated: Fri 30, Jul 2021
Last Reviewed: Tue 17, Mar 2020