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Reports

This page contains a range of reports on projects that have been conducted on the management, treatment, prevention and prevalence of incontinence.

A care model for management of faecal incontinence for clients receiving care in their homes - final report (2001)

Royal District Nursing Service

A National Continence Management Strategy funded project.This project aimed to review policies and procedures on bowel health care management and update these and to develop a care model and to incorporate the model into the RDNS education program.

Australian continence needs analysis: identification of Australian health studies relevant to incontinence - part 5 (2002)

Bower WF, Chase, JW & Dunham F

An initiative of the National Continence Management Strategy. This report described research studies on incontinence conducted in Australia over a 20 year period. The aim was to identify areas where research in continence care may need to be addressed.

Australian incontinence data analysis and development (2006) 

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra         

The report was commissioned by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, National Continence Management Strategy Program. This report investigates the prevalence, experience and burden of incontinence in Australia and the related monetary costs and expenditure associated with the condition.

Incontinence in Australia (2013)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra         

This report details the number of people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. It includes estimates of prevalence rates and total expenditure on incontinence, as well as the number of primary carers of people suffering from the condition. It also updates data development since the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's 2006 incontinence report.

Continence outcomes measurement suite together with review of patient satisfaction measures (2006)

The project was commissioned by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, National Continence Management Strategy Program with the goal of recommending a suite of continence outcome measures to be used by clinicians and researchers in Australia. This project is also linked to a number of other concurrent research projects on continence conditions undertaken for the Department of Health and Ageing.

Development of a collaborative model of care for long term management of incontinence for people living in the community with mental illness - final report (2001/2002)

A National Continence Management Strategy funded project.

This was a collaborative project between residents and staff of Supported Residential Facilities in the Western and Eastern Adelaide Regions, Research Unit at the Royal District Nursing Service (SA Inc.), Port Adelaide Mental Health Service, the Supported Residential Facilities Unit, and the Northern Division of General Practitioners.The project looked at continence problems in residents with mental health conditions living in Supported Residential Facilities and how continence status may be improved.

Development of a framework for economic and cost evaluation for continence conditions (2006)

Moore K, Ho MT, Lapsley H, Brown I, Smoker I, Morris A, O'Sullivan R, Green J, Gonski P, Poulos C, Walsh J, Prince W, Gibson-Jones M, Wells L, Shiaxates C, Dowell C, Louey M, Swinfield J, Huckel D 

Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.This project investigated methods that could be used to measure the cost effectiveness of continence management, to enable different treatments to be evaluated more effectively by including their cost effectiveness.

Effectiveness of non-invasive magnetic stimulation of the pelvic floor in the control of urinary incontinence (2006)

Wallis M, Davies E, Thalib L & Griffiths S

An initiative of the National Continence Management Strategy. Evaluated the effectiveness of non-invasive static magnetic stimulation on urinary incontinence in women aged over 60 years.

Extension study - randomised control trial of management of patients with Multiple Sclerosis and urinary problems

O'Connell B

A National Continence Management Strategy funded project.This project evaluated two management strategies for continence and urinary disorder in patients with Multiple Sclerosis and recommendations made.                                                                                                                  

"Making Links" - An evaluation of an integrated mulit-disciplinary community-focused model of service delivery for intersectoral transition and community support for people suffering urinary incontinence in the Gold Coast region (2002)

St John W, Wallis M & James H

An initiative of the National Continence Management Strategy.A community continence care service was established for people living in the Gold Coast region of Australia. Services were provided to community-dwelling clients with urinary incontinence by multi-disciplinary staff with specialist continence skills and the effectiveness of the program was evaluated and recommendations made.

Measuring incontinence in Australia (2006)

Hawthorne, G. Published by the Commonwealth of Australia.

A project of the National Continence Management Strategy.This report covers the prevalence of incontinence in Australia and its impact on people's lives.

Measuring patient satisfaction with incontinence treatment (2006)

Hawthorne G, Sansoni J, Hayes LM, Marosszeky N and Sansoni E

Centre for Health Service Development, University of Wollongong and the Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne.

Evaluated measures of patient satisfaction items used by clinicians to assess incontinence.                                                                                     

Patient and carer self-reported incontinence evaluation - provides guidance for management and interventions (2002)

Fonda D, Khera A, Brooks A, Torrance C, Barton R, Powell G & McCay A

Funded by the National Continence Management Strategy. This project developed and tested a clinical tool that may improve interaction between incontinence clinicians and clients and allow clients and carers to express their needs.

Pelvic floor education for new mothers: timing the message for best effect

Tweddle N

National Continence Management Strategy Innovative Grants Program. Assessed whether differences in timing of pelvic floor muscle exercises for women during the postnatal period affected learning retention outcomes.

Preventing and managing faecal incontinence after sphincter saving surgery for colorectal cancer. Final report (2003)

Nikoletti S, Young J, Levitt M, King M, Chidlow C & Hollingsworth S.

This study evaluated an education program that aimed to prevent or better manage bowel problems after sphincter saving surgery for colorectal cancer once the acute effects of surgery have resolved.                                                                                                                          

Preventing incontinence - final report

Pharmaceutical Society of Australia (PSA)

The PSA produced various materials to promote continence awareness in the community and through pharmacy, and evaluated the impact of these.  

Refining continence measurement tools - final report (2006)

Sansoni J, Marosszeky N, Sansoni E and Hawthorne G 

Centre for Health Service Development, University of Wollongong and the Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne.

This project examined three measures of incontinence (faecal and urinary) to refine them and make them more effective.

Strengthen your insides: young women and the importance of the pelvic floor

Brown, S, Ferlazzo, C, Tsianakas, V.

A National Continence Management Strategy funded project

Report on a pilot project aimed at raising awareness and preventing incontinence problems in young women who exercise at gymnasiums.

Women's waterworks (2003)

Professor Christina Lee C, Johnson C, Chiarelli P

Managing early stress incontinence through women's health clinics. 

A National Continence Management Strategy funded project. This project evaluated an early exercise and education intervention for mild urinary stress incontinence in middle-aged women.

More resources

For more resources, visit the Australian Continence Exchange.

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