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Functional incontinence

Functional incontinence is when a person does not recognise the need to go to the toilet or does not recognise where the toilet is. This results in not getting to the toilet in time or passing urine in inappropriate places.

What causes functional incontinence?

Functional incontinence has many causes, including:

  • dementia
  • poor eyesight
  • poor mobility
  • poor dexterity (a lack of fine motor skills makes removing clothing difficult)
  • an unwillingness to go to the toilet because of depression, anxiety or anger, and
  • environmental factors such as poor lighting, low chairs that are difficult to get out of, and toilets that are difficult to access.