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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 

  • Anus
    The back passage. The opening at the end of the intestinal tract that allows passage of faeces. 
  • Bladder
    A muscular organ, a sac, which stores urine. The muscles within the bladder operate like a pump, contracting to push out urine. 
  • Coccyx
    Tail bone at the bottom of the spine.
  • Constipation
    Difficulty in passing a bowel motion. The motion may be hard and require straining.
  • Cystitis

    Inflammation of the bladder.

  • Diabetes
    For our bodies to work properly we need to convert glucose (sugar) from food into energy. A hormone called insulin is essential for the conversion of glucose into energy. In people with diabetes, insulin is no longer produced or not produced in sufficient amounts by the body. 
  • Diuretics (water tablets)
    These increase production of urine and are usually prescribed for people with high blodd pressure, heart or breathing disorders.
  • Enuresis
    Enuresis is the involuntary loss of urine. When it occurs during sleep at night it is referred to as nocturnal enuresis.
  • Erectile dysfunction
    The inability to get and / or keep an erection that allows sexual activity with penetration.
  • Faeces
    Bowel motions or stools. The waste product from digestion.
  • Flatus
    Wind in the bowel or expelled from the anus.
  • Frequency
    A need to empty the bladder often with only short times between toilet visits. At night, this is called Nocturia.

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  • Incontinence
    The accidental or involuntary loss of urine from the bladder, or faeces from the bowel.
  • Lazy Bowel
    A bowel that is sluggish in moving faeces along or is slow to react to being full.
  • Pelvic Floor Muscles
    A band of muscles across the base of the pelvis. Like a sling or hammock, they support the position of the pelvic organs such as the bladder and bowel.
  • Pessary
    A form of medication taken by vagina (by applicator) or a device inserted into the vagina to support vaginal prolapse.
  • Prolapse
    The falling or sliding of an organ from its normal position in the body. In the pelvis, this may refer to the uterus, vagina, bladder, urethra, rectum or bowel.
  • Prostate
    This gland found in men sits around the neck of the bladder and the urethra. It produces fluid during sexual intercourse. The prostate grows larger in most men over 50 years of age and can start to block the bladder outlet.
  • Pubic bone
    Bone at the front of the pelvis beneath the pubic hair. The bladder is located just below the pubic bone.

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  • Rectum
    The lower end of the bowel just above the anus. It lies on the sacrum (back-bone). Sensation for defecation is felt here when faeces enter the sacrum. 
  • Sphincter
    A valve to the bladder or anus that opens or closes.
  • Stool/s
    The material evacuated with a bowel movement (faeces).
  • Stress Incontinence
    The leakage of urine with physical exertion or effort (such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising, walking, or when lifting things). It is caused by a weakening of the pelvic floor muscles. 
  • Urethra
    The bladder outlet tube. In women, it sits just in front of the vagina. In men, it sits in front of the rectum and passes through the penis. 
  • Urgency
    The strong, sudden desire to pass urine or faeces.
  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
    An infection anywhere along the urinary tract.
  • Urine
    The liquid produced by the kidneys. Urine is stored in the bladder and passed via the urethra. It contains body waste products. It should be clear, pale and have no odour.
  • Vagina
    The birth canal in women. It sits between the bladder and rectum.

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